Date Palm Tree

The Date Palm tree is the oldest tree in the world. The Date Palm tree was cultivated in the fifth century BC in Egypt and Mesopotamia. It has been cultivated in the Middle East for more than 10,000 years.

The Date Palm Tree is found in Middle East, Canary Islands, South Africa, India and the US state of California.
The Botanical name for the Date Palm Tree is Phoenix dactylifera. It belongs to the Palm family. The Date Palm Tree is tall and evergreen tree. This tree has no branches. The tree grows to about 23 m in height. The trunk of the tree is surrounded by marks of old leaf bases. The tree trunk ends with a crown of leaves.

Each leaf is about 5 m in length. The leaf of the Date Palm Tree has a strong midrib, with narrow pinnate leaflets on either side of the midrib. Floral bunches are found between the tree and the leaf base. They are long and hang down from the top of the Palm Tree.
Flowers are borne in bunches at the top of the tree. They are dioecious (separate male trees and female trees). The female tree produces the fruit. The male tree produces pollen enough to pollinate 40-50 trees. Each female tree produces 5 – 10 bunches of dates annually (150 pounds in weight).

Pollination occurs naturally by the pollen carried in the wind. In palm tree plantations, the pollination is artificial. Date Palm Trees bear fruit after 3 – 5 years. Date clusters hang down from the crown of the tree.

The date fruit is a drupe and has only one seed. The portion surrounding the seed is soft pulpy and is edible. Unripe dates are green colour, as they mature they become reddish brown or dark brown in colour.

The dates ripen in four stages – sun dried, ripe, soft ripe, crunchy and full size. Dates are oval to cylindrical in shape with a length of 3 – 7 cm long and 2 -3 cm in diameter.

The  health  benefits  of  Dates  are  too  well-known  to  mention  here.
Elsa Qatar ensure that the widest variety of the highest quality and most delicious dates are provided to the Qatar market. We specialise in cultivation using the most organised and efficient landscaping techniques.